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|Print version. Published on site Rusnet.NL 2 December 2003
Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Communist Party of Russian Federation (KPRF)
Gennady Zyuganov was born in 1944 in the village of Mymrino in Orel Region to a family of teachers. After finishing high school, he worked as a schoolteacher in 1961-62. He graduated with honours from the department of physics and mathematics of the Orel Pedagogical Institute in 1965.
In 1963-66, Zyuganov served in the Soviet Army's intelligence units for weapons of mass destruction in Belarus, Germany, and Chelyabinsk Region. In 1969-70, he taught in the department of physics and mathematics of the Orel Pedagogical Institute. In 1978-80, Zyuganov studied at the Communist Party Central Committee's Academy of Social Sciences. In 1981-83, he taught in the department of philosophy of the Orel Pedagogical Institute.
Zyuganov joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1966. He became involved in Komsomol activities in 1967, working for district, city, and Region Komsomol committees.
From 1974-83, he served as secretary of the Orel Communist Party Municipal Committee. By 1989, he had become deputy head of the ideology department of the CPSU Central Committee.
Following the establishment of the RSFSR Communist Party in June 1990, Zyuganov was elected secretary of its Central Committee, a Politburo member, and chairman of the RSFSR Communist Party Central Committee's Standing Commission for Humanitarian and Ideological Issues.
He was active in national-patriot movements such as Fatherland and Russian National Union (RNS). In 1992, he was elected chairman of the Council of National-Patriotic Movements of Russia. Zyuganov joined the Organising Committee of the National Salvation Front - an alliance of national-patriot and communist organisations - in 1992.
He condemned the September 1993 dissolution of parliament by President Boris Yeltsin, and KPRF supporters participated in the 1993 defence of the White House. Zyuganov appealed to them not to resort to violence.
At the second emergency congress of the KPRF, Zyuganov was named a member of the party's Central Executive Committee, and at the first organising plenum of the KPRF's Central Executive Committee, Zyuganov was elected chairman of the Executive Committee.
In December 1993, Zyuganov was elected to the State Duma on the KPRF list and became chairman of the KPRF Duma faction. At the third KPRF congress in January 1995, Zyuganov was elected chairman of the KPRF Central Committee. In December 1995, Zyuganov was again elected to the State Duma on the KPRF party list.
Zyuganov ran for president twice. In 1996, he received 40.3 percent of the vote in the second round of the presidential elections. In February 2000, he received 29.2 percent of the votes. In December 1999, he was again elected to the State Duma and named head of the KPRF Duma faction.
Zyuganov is the author of several books and a regular contributor to the newspapers "Zavtra," "Sovetskaya Rossiya," "Pravda Rossii," and "Pravda."