Russian repertory company founded in 1897 by Constantin Stanislavsky and Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko. Its work created new concepts of theatrical production and marked the beginning of modern theatre.
Rebelling against the highly stylised theatre of the XIXth cent., the founders set out to create instead a true ensemble theatre based on a realistic method of acting and production. Their productions of Chekhov's plays, especially suitable to the company's subtle and intense style, brought fame to both Chekhov and the theatre.
Other memorable productions were Tolstoy's Tzar Fyodor Ivanovitch, Dostoyevsky's Brothers Karamazov, and Gorky's Lower Depths. The company made several successful tours of the United States.
It has continued its classic repertoire while reflecting in new productions the political changes within Russia over the years.