Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (LDPR)
The Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (LDPR) was first officially registered in December 1992, although it has been active since 1988. It was re-registered on 7 May 1998.
LDPR leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky ran for president of Russia in 1991, coming in third place with 7.81 percent of the vote.
In December 1993, the party shocked the world by coming in first place with 22.92 percent of the vote - more than 12 million voters. In December 1995, the party finished second after the Communist Party with 11.18 percent.
In 1996, Zhirinovsky again ran for president, finishing fifth with 5.7 percent of the vote. In 1999, the Central Election Commission refused to register the LDPR, forcing the formation of the Zhirinovsky Bloc for the December 1999 Duma elections. That bloc received just under 6 percent.
On 19 January 2000, Zhirinovsky was elected deputy speaker of the State Duma.
The party has branches in 55 subjects of the federation, as well as in Kazakhstan, the Baltic States, the South Caucasus, and Ukraine.
Officially, the LDPR describes itself as a centrist, democratic party. Its program emphasises "the rebirth of a mighty democratic and flourishing Russian state." The party supports limiting the Russian president to a single 8-year term. It urges the creation of a unicameral parliament and the restructuring of the federation into a small number of large governates. However, the LDPR has been accused of extreme nationalism, anti-Semitism, and promoting xenophobia.
Recent polls show the LDPR with support of about 4 percent of the electorate.
Federal Party List: Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Aleksei Ostrovsky, Igor Lebedev, Mikhail Musatov, Konstantin Vetrov, Ashot Yegiazaryan, Leonid Slutsky, Yury Mamonov, Aleksey Mitrofanov, Suleiman Kerimov
LDPR official site