Nearly two-thirds of the population are ethnic Estonians. There are Russians, Ukrainians, and Belarusians as well. The Estonian language is a member of the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic language family. The populace is largely Evangelical Lutheran.
Estonia has experienced considerable internal migration since the mid-1950s. The population in the northern, industrially advanced part of the nation has increased appreciably at the expense of the southern and western regions, which are primarily agrarian. There was also extensive immigration from territories of the USSR, particularly from Russia, after Soviet annexation in 1940.
Administration and social conditions