A battle between Napoleon's Grande Armee and General Mikhail Kutuzov's Russian forces at the village of Borodino, 70 miles West of Moscow.
The battle, which cost some 108,000 casualties, is described in Tolstoy's "War and Peace".
Napoleon, who called it "the battle of giants", entered Moscow on September 14 after severely battering but not totally defeating the Russian troops.
Later, being in exile, the thrown down French Emperor had recognised, that from 50 battle, given by him "in the battle under Moscow the greatest valour was displayed and the least success was gained. The French had shown themselves deserved to gain the victory, but the Russia had got the right fully deserved to be invincible."
Till our days, Borodino is a symbol of greatness of spirit the Russian and object of the national proud.
The Virtual Battle of Borodino